Facts About Bournemouth: July 2016
Bournemouth, Poole and Christchurch, together with parts of Dorset, form the second largest urban conurbation (in terms of population size) in South West England. (Bristol is the largest). Bournemouth and the wider conurbation has a strong financial services sector and tourism, public sector and the education sector (with two growing universities and a number of foreign language schools) are major employers.
The 2011 Census showed the population of Bournemouth to be around 183,500 residents. The mid-2015 estimate was 194,500 and it is predicted to reach 238,000 by 2039. The largest proportion of the population is White British 83.8% with a 16.2% minority ethnic population. There are significant groups of White Other, White Irish and South East Asian with increasing numbers of people from Eastern Europe and Poland in particular. Bournemouth has a relatively young population, with above national average proportions of adults under 34. In recent years the birth rate has risen which is leading to increasing numbers of under-fives. Live births increased from 1,619 in 2005 to 2,224 in 2014 – an increase of 37%. (It should be noted however that it fell in Bournemouth between 2013 and 2014.) See chart below, where live births in Poole are also shown for comparison.
In 2013, 5070 children under the age of 16 were living in households claiming out-of-work benefits*.
At 3.2% the percentage of the population which is aged 85+ is above the national average of 2.3%. (Mid- year 2015). Older people are much more likely to be admitted or make use of hospital services compared with other areas in England and the South West. For this reason, improving access to community alternatives to hospital admission and arranging effective and timely hospital discharge have been recognised as local priorities for transforming health and social care services.
According to the 2011 Census 9.4% of the population (17,325 people) provide unpaid care which is slightly below the national average of 10.2% of the population. 369 of them are aged 0 -15 while a further 332 16 -19 year olds provide unpaid care.
Overall Bournemouth ranks 102 out of 326 local authorities (where 1 is the most deprived).This puts it in the top third of the most deprived areas in England. The most deprived Lower Super Output Area (LSOA) in Bournemouth is Boscombe Central. It is also the most deprived LSOA in the south west region and is in the top 1% most deprived in England.
The (modelled) unemployment rate** was 5.0% compared with a national rate of 5.1%. The numbers claiming Incapacity Benefit or Employment Support Allowance for mental ill health reasons is above the national average. According to the Bournemouth Child Poverty Needs Assessment (2014) 53% of working age claimants are receiving incapacity benefit for mental ill health compared with 43% across England and Wales. For Employment Support Allowance 55% of claimants are receiving this benefit for mental ill health reasons compared with 46% across England and Wales.
Full-time workers resident in Bournemouth earned a median of £11.97 per hour in 2015, compared to £13.33 for GB. This represents 90%% of the GB figure (Annual Survey of Hours and Earnings, 2015). While earnings are lower than the national average, house prices are slightly higher placing additional pressures on those wishing to live and work locally. Overcrowding is an issue and 2.9% of dependent children in Bournemouth are living in dwellings with only one bedroom. 30% of the borough’s residents live in privately rented accommodation, which is higher than the national average of 16.7%, (Census 2011). Private sector rents are much higher than the national average. For example, the median private-sector rent for a 3 bedroom property was £975, compared to £695 for England. Nearly 31% of households with dependent children are renting through the private sector compared with 19% in England. (Census 2011)Significant inequalities are evident across the population, with educational achievement, access to employment and housing quality varying across council wards, gender and socio-economic status. Life expectancy (2010-2012) is 10 years lower for men and 4.4 years lower for women in the most deprived areas of Bournemouth than in the least deprived areas****.
* Source: HBAI, 2013
** Modelled estimate based on the Annual Population Survey Apr 2015-Mar 2016.
*** Source: Valuation Office, survey for year ending March 31, 2016
**** Using SII method and population deciles with LSOA deprivation levels
The Voluntary and Community Sector in Bournemouth
The voluntary sector in Bournemouth is very diverse. We know the following facts about the sector in Bournemouth:
- There are about 370 registered charities in the borough with a total income of more than £65 million a year.
- Based on national statistics we would expect there to be another 600 to1500 community and voluntary organisations (including unregistered charities)
- Two thirds of registered charities and 88% of all voluntary and community groups have an income of less than £100,000 a year
- Three in ten registered charities and nearly three quarters of all voluntary and community groups have an income of less than £10,000 a year
- Nearly two thirds of registered charities do not receive any state funding.
- Over a third of charities work to improve health and wellbeing and nearly a third to improve education and lifelong learning.
- 40% of registered charities mainly work for the benefit of the whole borough and another 28% for their local neighbourhood
- 8,500 volunteers work for registered charities delivering about 1.5 million hours of unpaid labour per year contributing about £20.5 million a year to the local economy